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Travel Guide 2   >   Europe   >   Portugal   >   History

   
 

Portuguese History


Here are some books about the history of Portugal:


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Books about Portuguese History


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A Concise History of Portugal (Cambridge Concise Histories)

By David Birmingham

Cambridge University Press
Released: 2018-04-27
Paperback (254 pages)

A Concise History of Portugal (Cambridge Concise Histories)
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This concise, illustrated history of Portugal offers an introduction to the people and culture of the country, its empire, and its search for economic modernisation, political stability and international partnership. It remains the standard single-volume work on Portugal, studying the effects of the vast wealth mined from Portuguese Brazil, the growth of the wine trade, and the evolution of international ties. The Portuguese Revolution of 1820 to 1851 created a liberal monarchy, but in 1910 the king was overthrown and, by 1926, had been replaced by a dictatorship. In 1975, Portugal withdrew from its African colonies and looked north to become a democratic member of the European Community in 1986. This third edition brings the story up to date, with a new afterword to reflect recent changes in Portugal, Europe, and the wider world.

Conquerors: How Portugal Forged The First Global Empire

By Roger Crowley

imusti
Paperback (432 pages)

Conquerors: How Portugal Forged The First Global Empire
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As remarkable as Columbus and the conquistador expeditions, the history of Portuguese exploration is now almost forgotten. But Portugal's navigators cracked the code of the Atlantic winds, launched the expedition of Vasco da Gama to India and beat the Spanish to the spice kingdoms of the East - then set about creating the first long-range maritime empire. In an astonishing blitz of thirty years, a handful of visionary and utterly ruthless empire builders, with few resources but breathtaking ambition, attempted to seize the Indian Ocean, destroy Islam and take control of world trade.

Told with Roger Crowley's customary skill and verve, this is narrative history at its most vivid - an epic tale of navigation, trade and technology, money and religious zealotry, political diplomacy and espionage, sea battles and shipwrecks, endurance, courage and terrifying brutality. Drawing on extensive first-hand accounts, it brings to life the exploits of an extraordinary band of conquerors - men such as Afonso de Albuquerque, the first European since Alexander the Great to found an Asian empire - who set in motion five hundred years of European colonisation and unleashed the forces of globalisation.

A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, Vol. 2: From Beginnings to 1807: The Portuguese Empire (Volume 2)

By A. R. Disney

Brand: Cambridge University Press
Released: 2009-04-13
Paperback (480 pages)

A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, Vol. 2: From Beginnings to 1807: The Portuguese Empire (Volume 2)
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The Kingdom of Portugal was created as a by-product of the Christian Reconquest of Hispania. With no geographical raison d'etre and no obvious roots in its Roman, Germanic, or Islamic pasts, it for long remained a small, struggling realm on Europe's outer fringe. Then, in the early fifteenth century, this unlikely springboard for Western expansion suddenly began to accumulate an empire of its own, eventually extending more than halfway around the globe. The History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire, drawing particularly on historical scholarship postdating the 1974 Portuguese Revolution, offers readers a comprehensive overview and reinterpretation of how all this happened - the first such account to appear in English for more than a generation. Volume I concerns the history of Portugal itself from pre-Roman times to the climactic French invasion of 1807, and Volume II traces the history of the Portuguese overseas empire.

A People's History of the Portuguese Revolution

By Raquel Varela

Pluto Press
Released: 2018-10-15
Paperback (352 pages)

A People s History of the Portuguese Revolution
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On the 25th April 1974, a coup destroyed the ranks of Portugal’s fascist Estado Novo government as the Portuguese people flooded the streets of Lisbon, placing red carnations in the barrels of guns and demanding a ‘land for those who work in it’. This became the Carnation Revolution - an international coalition of working class and social movements, which also incited struggles for independence in Portugal’s African colonies, the rebellion of the young military captains in the national armed forces and the uprising of Portugal’s long-oppressed working classes. It was through the organising power of these diverse movements that a popular-front government was instituted and Portugal withdrew from its overseas colonies. Cutting against the grain of mainstream accounts, Raquel Cardeira Varela explores the role of trade unions, artists and women in the revolution, providing a rich account of the challenges faced and the victories gained through revolutionary means.

Making History; Creating a Landscape: The Portuguese American Community of Southeastern New England

By James W. Fonseca

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
Paperback (236 pages)

Making History; Creating a Landscape: The Portuguese American Community of Southeastern New England
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Since the mid-1800’s Portuguese Americans have been quietly at work, adjusting to a new culture and adapting a pre-existing American landscape to suit their needs. In the process, they have created a hybrid Portuguese American landscape quite different from both standard American urban landscapes and the landscapes they left behind in Portugal. The three states of southern New England -- Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island -- are now home to more than 467,000 person of Portuguese ancestry, 88,000 of whom were born in Portugal. The main concentration of Portuguese Americans, the largest cluster in the United States and the main focus of this book, is nestled in a corner of southeastern New England along the Massachusetts-Rhode Island border. The cities of Fall River and New Bedford in Massachusetts and nearby East Providence, Rhode Island are the main urban centers housing large numbers of Portuguese. These cities are connected by Interstate 195, the “Portuguese American Interstate Highway.” The landscape these Portuguese immigrants created is an American landscape, but a hybridized landscape showing Portuguese cultural influences. The landscape is characterized by the distinctive three-deckers and by Portuguese iconography in the landscape especially in cultural symbols such as shrines, flags, architectural embellishments and gardens. Some of these features were not just importations into the American landscape but reactions to it.Portuguese Americans in New England still struggle to assimilate into American culture. Their lower levels of educational attainment and corresponding lower levels of income have kept the suburban American dream out of reach of some, but not all, of the immigrants. Lower levels of obtaining citizenship have kept the Portuguese a generation or more behind in assuming political power comparable to their numbers. Patriarchy, still strong in the culture, presents barriers for equal achievement by women. Prejudice against the community is still strong in some places. Even within the Portuguese community itself there are complex prejudices between mainlanders and islanders, among immigrants from various islands, and between Portuguese and the linguistically affiliated Brazilian and Cape Verdean groups. Assimilation comes slowly and when it comes the Portuguese must struggle to avoid downward assimilation into a perpetual lower class status. The Portuguese in New England rode the economic waves of southern New England’s booms and busts. Just as the whaling industry that had brought the early Portuguese died out, the textile mills began to move to the Southern states or go bankrupt. For a generation the apparel industry blossomed by moving into the abandoned textile mills. When that industry declined, some plastics and electronics activity moved in but largely the heyday of manufacturing was over. Even the fishing industry that employed many Portuguese in New Bedford and in smaller towns such as Gloucester and Provincetown fell upon hard times.This book tells the story of the Portuguese Americans of southeastern New England by using concepts from geography, sociology and other social sciences.

Portugal: A Companion History (Aspects of Portugal S.)

By Jose Hermano Saraiva

Carcanet Press Ltd.
Paperback (180 pages)

Portugal: A Companion History (Aspects of Portugal S.)
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Rare book

The Portuguese Empire and Africa: The History and Legacy of Portugal's Exploration and Colonization of the West African Coast

By Charles River Editors

Independently published
Paperback (56 pages)

The Portuguese Empire and Africa: The History and Legacy of Portugal s Exploration and Colonization of the West African Coast
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*Includes pictures
*Includes contemporary accounts
*Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading
By the mid-15th century the Byzantine Empire had collapsed and the various Crusades that had taken place in the region had largely disrupted the overland routes of the Silk Road and trade. Compounding the difficulties of trade was the rise of the Ottoman Empire in place of the Byzantines and the outbreak of the Black Death in Europe.
It was roughly around this time that a period of European exploration began, and major factors that contributed to this period of exploration were introduced by the Chinese, albeit indirectly. The magnetic compass had already been developed and used by the Chinese sailors since the 12th century, although it had first been created in the 3rd century BCE as a divination device. The Song Dynasty then began using the device for land navigation in the 11th century and sailors began using it shortly after. The technology slowly spread west via Arab traders, although a case can be made for the independent European creation for the compass (Southey 1812: 210). Regardless, by the 13th century the compass had found its way to Western traders, coming at a time that trade had been increasing across Europe.
Trade was able to increase in Europe around the world due to more effective ships being introduced, and some of the improvements that were made to the ships were first introduced by the Chinese. The introduction of multiple mast ships and the sternpost rudders allowed the ships to travel quicker and be more maneuverable. By the start of the 15th century, ships were now much larger and able to support long distance travel with a minimum number of crew aboard.
With that, the Portuguese started exploring the west coast of Africa and the Atlantic under orders from Prince Henry the Navigator. At this point, Europeans had not yet been capable of navigating completely around Africa since the ships being built were not yet fully capable of being able to sail very far from the coast and navigation in open waters was difficult, but the Portuguese continued pushing down the western African coast looking for ways to bypass the Ottomans and Muslims of Africa who had been making overland trade routes difficult. In 1451, Prince Henry the Navigator helped fund and develop a new type of ship, the caravel, that featured triangular lateen sails and would be able to travel in the open ocean and sail against the wind. In 1488, Bartholomew Diaz rounded the southern tip of Africa, named the Cape of Good Hope by King John of Portugal, and entered the Indian Ocean from the Atlantic.
When it became clear Christopher Columbus hadn’t landed in Asia, it was understood by everyone that this was not necessarily the route the Europeans were searching for, and the Portuguese continued to send explorers around the Cape of Good Hope in an attempt to reach the East Indies. After a two-year voyage, in 1499, Vasco da Gama had successfully reached India and returned to Portugal.
The Portuguese had found access to the trade regions that they had been searching for, but sailing from Portugal to India and beyond would require too many resources to travel with at once. To remedy this problem, Portugal began establishing a number of forts and trading posts along the route. The Portuguese were able to establish a fort on the west coast of India, Fort Manuel, in 1500, and in 1505 a fort was erected off the coast of Tanzania, thus beginning a trend of European colonization in Africa and Asia that would last for the next 400 years.
The Portuguese Empire and Africa: The History and Legacy of Portugal’s Exploration and Colonization of the West African Coast chronicles the early efforts by the Portuguese that helped initiate the Age of Exploration, and the ramifications the colonization had across the world.

I May Not Be Perfect But I'm Portuguese And That's Close Enough: Funny Notebook 100 Pages 8.5x11 Notebook Portuguese Family Heritage Portugal Gifts

By Heritage Book Mart

Independently published
Paperback (100 pages)

I May Not Be Perfect But I m Portuguese  And That s Close Enough: Funny Notebook 100 Pages 8.5x11 Notebook Portuguese Family Heritage Portugal Gifts
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  • 100 Blank Lined College Ruled Pages 8.5 x 11 Softcover Notebook
  • After you are done using the notebook frame the front cover to display in home or office
  • MAKES A WONDERFUL GIFT ► Notebooks makes a great gift idea for any occasion that adds a personal touch and can be used year round for daily note-taking to just keep around the house, or for notes for school or work.
  • Writing, Daily Journaling and Doodling is a great way to reduce stress-Notebooks are a Really Inexpensive & Versatile gift that can be used year round
  • Great for anyone on your list and makes perfect little extra gifts for that special someone- Unique Gifts For your Co-Workers Friends, Family Members,Mom, Dad, Sister, Brothers, Grandma, Grandpa, Husband, and Wife.
  • Everyone Loves Personalized Gifts something especially for them, instead of buying an expensive card pick up a unique notebook and write your best wishes on the front page! That way the receiver has a nice notebook to use year round.


 
 
 

 
 
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